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mysql批量更新多条记录的同一个字段为不同值的方法

首先mysql更新数据的某个字段,一般这样写:

UPDATE mytable SET myfield = 'value' WHERE other_field = 'other_value';

也可以这样用in指定要更新的记录:

UPDATE mytable SET myfield = 'value' WHERE other_field in ('other_values');

这里注意 ‘other_values' 是一个逗号分隔的字符串,如:1,2,3

如果更新多条数据而且每条记录要更新的值不同,可能很多人会这样写:

foreach ($values as $id = $myvalue) { $sql = "UPDATE mytable SET myfield = $myvalue WHERE id = $id"; mysql_query($sql);}

即是循环一条一条的更新记录。一条记录update一次,这样性能很差,也很容易造成阻塞。

那么能不能一条sql语句实现批量更新呢?

mysql并没有提供直接的方法来实现批量更新,但是可以用点小技巧来实现。

UPDATE mytable SET myfield = CASE id WHEN 1 THEN 'myvalue1' WHEN 2 THEN 'myvalue2' WHEN 3 THEN 'myvalue3' ENDWHERE other_field ('other_values')

如果where条件查询出记录的id不在CASE范围内,myfield将被设置为空。

如果更新多个值的话,只需要稍加修改:

UPDATE mytable SET myfield1 = CASE id WHEN 1 THEN 'myvalue11' WHEN 2 THEN 'myvalue12' WHEN 3 THEN 'myvalue13' END, myfield2 = CASE id WHEN 1 THEN 'myvalue21' WHEN 2 THEN 'myvalue22' WHEN 3 THEN 'myvalue23' ENDWHERE id IN (1,2,3)

这里以php为例,构造这两条mysql语句:

1、更新多条单个字段为不同值, mysql模式

$ids_values = array( 1 = 11, 2 = 22, 3 = 33, 4 = 44, 5 = 55, 6 = 66, 7 = 77, 8 = 88,); $ids = implode(',', array_keys($ids_values ));$sql = "UPDATE mytable SET myfield = CASE id ";foreach ($ids_values as $id= $myvalue) { $sql .= sprintf("WHEN %d THEN %d ", $id, $myvalue);}$sql .= "END WHERE id IN ($ids)";echo $sql.";br/";

输出:

UPDATE mytable SET myfield = CASE id WHEN 1 THEN 11 WHEN 2 THEN 22 WHEN 3 THEN 33 WHEN 4 THEN 44 WHEN 5 THEN 55 WHEN 6 THEN 66 WHEN 7 THEN 77 WHEN 8 THEN 88 END WHERE id IN (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8);

2、更新多个字段为不同值, PDO模式

$data = array(array('id' = 1, 'myfield1val' = 11, 'myfield2val' = 111), array('id' = 2, 'myfield1val' = 22, 'myfield2val' = 222));$where_in_ids = implode(',', array_map(function($v) {return ":id_" . $v['id'];}, $data));$update_sql = 'UPDATE mytable SET';$params = array();$update_sql .= ' myfield1 = CASE id';foreach($data as $key = $item) { $update_sql .= " WHEN :id_" . $key . " THEN :myfield1val_" . $key . " "; $params[":id_" . $key] = $item['id']; $params[":myfield1val_" . $key] = $item['myfield1val'];}$update_sql .= " END";$update_sql .= ',myfield2 = CASE id';foreach($data as $key = $item) { $update_sql .= " WHEN :id_" . $key . " THEN :myfield2val_" . $key . " "; $params[":id_" . $key] = $item['id']; $params[":myfield1va2_" . $key] = $item['myfield2val'];}$update_sql .= " END";$update_sql .= " WHERE id IN (" . $where_in_ids . ")";echo $update_sql.";br/";var_dump($params);

输出:

UPDATE mytable SET myfield1 = CASE id WHEN :id_0 THEN :myfield1val_0 WHEN :id_1 THEN :myfield1val_1 END,myfield2 = CASE id WHEN :id_0 THEN :myfield2val_0 WHEN :id_1 THEN :myfield2val_1 END WHERE id IN (:id_1,:id_2);array (size=6) ':id_0' = int 1 ':myfield1val_0' = int 11 ':id_1' = int 2 ':myfield1val_1' = int 22 ':myfield1va2_0' = int 111 ':myfield1va2_1' = int 222

另外三种批量更新方式

1. replace into 批量更新

replace into mytable(id, myfield) values (1,'value1'),(2,'value2'),(3,'value3');

2. insert into ...on duplicate key update批量更新

insert into mytable(id, myfield1, myfield2) values (1,'value11','value21'),(2,'value12','value22'),(3,'value13','value23') on duplicate key update myfield1=values(myfield2),values(myfield2)+values(id);

3. 临时表

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `tmptable`;create temporary table tmptable(id int(4) primary key,myfield varchar(50));insert into tmptable values (1,'value1'),(2,'value2'),(3,'value3');update mytable, tmptable set mytable.myfield = tmptable.myfield where mytable.id = tmptable.id;

和更新都依赖于主键或唯一值,并都可能造成新增记录的操作的结构隐患 操作本质是对重复记录先delete然后insert,如果更新的字段不全缺失的字段将被设置成缺省值 则只是update重复的记录,更改的字段只能依循公式值 方式需要用户有temporary 表的create 权限 数量较少时和性能最好,数量大时最好,则具有通用型也不具结构隐患

总结

以上就是这篇文章的全部内容了,希望本文的内容对大家的学习或者工作能带来一定的帮助,如果有疑问大家可以留言交流。

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